(A Portrait in Black and White)
by Rev. Illuminatus Frater Velado, 7Ph.D.
Lay Brother, The Rosicrucian Order
Maat is today a fundamental symbol and sacred key into Rosicrucian Metaphysics. Kemetic names of the goddess are: Maat, Mayet, Ma'at, Eye of Ra, Feather of Truth (In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.). Illuminates of Kemet has introduced the sacred Ankh of Maat into moderne Illuminism aiming New Ordus Seclorum.
Egyptian goddess of Cosmic Harmony, Truth and Justice, Maat ruled the Ancient Egypt using his 42 Laws through the pharaohs' power. She was associated with Thoth, Ptah and Khnemu in the Egyptian Creation. Maat is a goddess but Maat is an abstraction, the most pure and refined principle of Ethic applied on the humanity for happiness, order and balance. How does Maat do it? Maat inspires the right persons in appropriate places in the just moment for immediate actions, mental, physical and political, in order to dissipate bad vibrations generated by dark human minds. Dr. Harvey Spencer Lewis, reorganizer of the Akhenaten's Mysteries School with a name of The Ancient and Mystical Ordo Rosae Crucis (AMORC), actually called Antiquus Mysticusque Ordo Rosae Crucis, was the introducer of Maat into the modern Rosicrucianism.
The Ankh of Maat (the Sacred Key of Eternal Life) is actually used by occidental people as a jewel or as an amulet, or such a commercial symbol (Copyrighted logos). But also authentic artists was inspired and created paintings, posters and sculptures on the theme Ankh. Some mystical orders use Ankh as an esoteric symbol and show it on books,
monographs and in initiatic and/or ritualistic pieces. In The Order of Maat Ankh is used for healing the sick, in various harmonization processes and for communication with other planes, through the Electromagnetic Hall (currently available for all visitors on the Net). You can visit this Hall and you will see the virtual electromagnetic Ankh. But only Members of The Order of Maat know the secrets for Ankh esoteric operations in the Fourth Dimension for several purposes.
Maat was a goddess of the underworld, sitting in judgment over the souls of the dead in the Judgment Hall of Osiris. She was depicted as a woman with an ostrich feather on her head. The goddess was sometimes represented by the feather alone. She was closely associated with Re from the beginning and eventually became known as the 'daughter of
Re'. Thoth was sometimes given as her consort. Maat operates not only the Cosmic Justice but also the Alchemical process for the transformation of the humanity on the strait path of evolution. The keyword for this process is: participation.
Maat projected his ethereal body on the earth some times and king Akhenaten was one of these manifestations of the goddess in this plane. Living in Maat, for Maat and by Maat, Akhenaten transformed the religious system of Ancient Egypt, introducing the monotheist concept with the Solar Disk as the only God. Akhenaten wrote the Hymn to the Aten, one of the most famous ancient mystical texts available. Maat promoted the alchemical transformation of the human society, beginning by transform one by one some rare adepts as Akhenaten. Through these emanations Maat projected on the modern era the fundamental principles for the construction of the New Era. Maat used some Rosicrucian's for this mission and one of them was Frater Profundis XIII (Sar Alden, the reorganizer of the Akhenaten's Ancient School of Mysteries, also called Hermetic Order of Egypt that congregated 39 illuminated persons in a secret lodge). I explained en passant this theme in "Maat Into Rosicrucianism".
The pharaohs were said to derive their authority from Maat and claimed to uphold the cosmic order embodied in her. In the funerary papyri of the New Kingdom it was Maat who sat in judgment at the weighing of the heart ceremony in the Hall of the Two Truths. The heart of the deceased person was weighed against the image of Maat, often represented simply by the ostrich feather. Her only known sanctuary was at Karnak.
Today various esoteric orders and fraternities are using the name of Maat in his rituals and for initiations, but the Caucasian people involved in this mystical affaire forgot that Maat is not a white woman, is not a white goddess, just because the ancient Egyptians was not white people. KMT published in the Net the Manifesto below with the 42 Laws included:
42 Admonitions of Ma'at
For 3500 years of recorded history before the advent of Christianity, the people of KMT (Egypt) lived by a moral and ethical code that has never been surpassed. Western civilization rejected the laws of Ma'at, made abstinence from sex the touchstone by which morals would be judged and thus chose the Christianization of the Mosaic Law which includes the so called, "Ten Commandments." Fortunately, most modern governments have rejected all of the so-called commandments, except for the pro*****ions against murder, stealing and perjury, which were common to all civilized nations long before the Jews.
We should not accept the Ten Commandments as either god-given, or as a code by which men should govern their lives. And for good reason. Under Mosaic Law, violation of any of the Ten Commandments was punishable by death. When the Ten Commandments are compared with the principles by which the ancient Egyptians governed their lives, the laws of the Judaeo- Christian-Moslem world are barbaric and meaningless. The principle that governs the "True Kemite" is Maata religious principle which is more than justice, it is Divine-Justice, personified in the Angel Maat, who exemplifies the eternal laws of the universe as, Right and Truth.
In the weighing of the wrongs man does in this life against the intent of his heart, Ma'at makes a distinction between sins and transgressions. A sin is a violation of the laws of the Creator. That is, laws pertain to the ordinances and requirements which the Creator has given for worship. This also extends to the commitment one makes to the Neters or Angels and the respect one holds for their gifts. Transgressions on the other hand, are offenses against our fellow mortals, their possessions, or the earth--or that portion of the earth on which we live. Thus, one sins against the Creator, but one transgresses against mortals.
Egyptologists have termed these principles "Negative Confessions" because they usually begin with the negative, "I have not." In the principles of Right and Truth, they are in fact affirmations of what one has not done in his life to live by Maat.
MA'AT - Right and Truth
Transgressions Against Mankind
1. I have not committed murder, neither have I bid any man to slay on my behalf;
2. I have not committed rape, neither have I forced any woman to commit fornication;
3. I have not avenged myself, nor have I burned with rage;
4. I have not caused terror, nor have I worked affliction;
5. I have caused none to feel pain, nor have I worked grief;
6. I have done neither harm nor ill, nor I have caused misery;
7. I have done no hurt to man, nor have I wrought harm to beasts;
8. I have made none to weep;
9. I have had no knowledge of evil, neither have I acted wickedly, nor have I wronged the people;
10. I have not stolen, neither have I taken that which does not belong to me, nor that which belongs to another, nor have I taken from the orchards, nor snatched the milk from the mouth of the babe;
11. I have not defrauded, neither have I added to the weight of the balance, nor have I made light the weight in the scales;
12. I have not laid waste the plowed land, nor trampled down the fields;
13. I have not driven the cattle from their pastures, nor have I deprived any of that which was rightfully theirs;
14. I have accused no man falsely, nor have I supported any false accusation;
15. I have spoken no lies, neither have I spoken falsely to the hurt of another;
16. I have never uttered fiery words, nor have I stirred up strife;
17. I have not acted guilefully, neither have I dealt deceitfully, nor spoken to deceive to the hurt another;
18. I have not spoken scornfully, nor have I set my lips in motion against any man;
19. I have not been an eavesdropper;
20. I have not stopped my ears against the words of Right and Truth;
21. I have not judged hastily, nor have I judged harshly;
22. I have committed no crime in the place of Right and Truth;
23. I have caused no wrong to be done to the servant by his master;
24. I have not been angry without cause;
25. I have not turned back water at its springtide, nor stemmed the flow of running water;
26. I have not broken the channel of a running water;
27. I have never fouled the water, nor have I polluted the land;
28. I have not cursed nor despised God, nor have I done that which God does abominate;
29. I have not vexed or angered God;
30. I have not robbed God, nor have I filched that which has been offered in the temples;
31. I have not added unto nor have I diminished the offerings which are due;
32. I have not purloined the cakes of the gods;
33. I have not carried away the offerings made unto the blessed dead;
34. I have not disregarded the season for the offerings which are appointed;
35. I have not turned away the cattle set apart for sacrifice;
36. I have not thwarted the processions of the god;
37. I have not slaughtered with evil intent the cattle of the god;
38. I have not acted guilefully nor have I acted in insolence;
39. I have not been overly proud, nor have I behaved myself with arrogance;
40. I have never magnified my condition beyond what was fitting;
41. Each day have I labored more than was required of me;
42. My name has not come forth to the boat of the Prince;
It should be obvious that the Forty-two Admonitions of Right and Truth are far more inclusive than the so-called Ten Commandments. Even when the rest of the Jewish laws are considered, they pale in the light of the KMT Law. Punishment for the Personal Transgressions was reserved for the judgment of the Gods--not in this life, but in the judgment of Maat. The punishment for sins in KMT was banishment from the community as for the Transgressions against mortals; the punishment was exacted to fit the crime. In ancient Egypt, the death penalty was seldom used, and then only under unusual circumstances. Periods as long as 150 years went by without a single execution. Yet KMT, for the most part, was without crime. Crime rose only when immigrants brought their barbaric customs into KMT, which, because KMT was the center of the ancient world, occurred more often that the Egyptians wished.
The Kemetic solution to a rising crime rate was not to pass harsher punishments, or to make it a crime to carry a weapon. No! The solution was to eliminate the root cause of crime. In the 20th Dynasty, during the rule of Rameses IX (1121-1112 BCE), crime was so rampant that even the graves of the Pharaohs were being robbed. To combat this problem, the Pharaoh expelled 260,000 Semites from the country. This expulsion would become the Exodus of the Jews. The expulsion virtually eliminated crime in the country--while the Hebrews, who were expelled, would claim that they had borrowed the gold and silver they had robbed from the graves. It is only after this so-called-exodus, that archaeologists find any evidence of massive Hebrew occupation the land of the Palestinians who had migrated to that portion of the Mediterranean coast two generations earlier. This exodus occurred a mere 20 years before Jewish tradition has Saul establishing the Jewish kingdom, not the 400 years claimed in the Bible. It was, again, the Jewish god who, according to the Bible, ordered the genocide of the Philistines, which is the Greek name for the people who called themselves Palestinians. And it is the same genocide order of the Jewish god that would be out today if it were not for the outrage of more civilized nations.
The controlled order of ancient Egypt was personified by the goddess Maat. The ancient Egyptians believed the world was in careful balance between the forces of chaos, called isfet, and order. or maat. The word maat is often translated as "truth." Maat is usually depicted as a woman wearing a single ostrich plume on her head. This feather is the same one that was placed on a scale opposite the heart during the judgment of the dead. The heart of the deceased had to equal the feather in order for the deceased to enter the afterlife. Small, seated images of this goddess were often shown being offered to the gods by the ruling king, showing that the king was upholding the order of the world.
Shown as a jackal or a jackal-headed human, Anubis was one of Egypt's earliest funerary deities. He was the god of embalming who was thought to protect the mummy from evil forces. He also conducted the weighing of the heart that took place in the Hall of Judgment before Osiris, the lord of the dead. When a person died, his heart was believed to be weighed opposite the feather of Maat, which symbolized truth and goodness. If the heart was not heavier than the feather, the deceased could enter the afterlife. If it was heavier, the heart was eaten by a hideous monster with gaping jaws who sat by the scale on which the heart was weighed.
Originally thought of as a fertility god, Osiris soon took on the role of king of the dead. Murdered by his jealous brother Seth, Osiris was mummified and revivified by his sister-wife Isis, who then bore a son, Horus. Horus was thought of as the living, ruling pharaoh and Osiris had continued to be associated with the dead king. In addition to his role as the leading funerary deity, Osiris also had associations with the growth of agricultural crops, which were thought to undergo the same type of rebirth that Osiris experienced. First a seed was buried, then it rested in the ground, then it was "resurrected" and it sprouted from the earth. Osiris is usually shown as a mummified man wearing the white crown with two plumes on either side. He carries the crook and the flail as symbols of his rule.
The son of Osiris and Isis, Horus became the ruler of Egypt after Osiris' death. In order to win the throne, Horus had to do battle against his uncle, the god Seth. Seth was defeated and was relegated to the role of ruler of the chaotic desert lands surrounding Egypt. As a divine ruler, Horus had associations with the living pharaoh. Sometimes depicted as a falcon or a man with a falcon head, Horus was also seen as a sun sky. As the child of Isis, Horus was also worshipped in the form of Harpocrates (Horus-the-child) and is often shown as a child nursing at the breast of Isis. In the Late Period images of Horus the child were placed on small plaques called "cippi," which were used to ward off evil and provide cures from illnesses and snake bites.
One of the most popular goddesses in ancient Egypt, Isis was the sister-wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. Her role as divine mother and wife associated her closely with royal women. She is usually depicted as a woman bearing the hieroglyphic sign for "throne" on her head. Together with her sister Nepthys, she collected the pieces of her murdered husband, Osiris, and mummified them, then revived him and bore a child, Horus, with him. Osiris had been killed by his evil brother Seth in a fight over the rule of Egypt. Isis and Nepthys often appear together in funerary scenes acting out the roles of mourners and protectors of the deceased. Isis sometimes wears the horned sun disk crown also seen on the goddess Hathor.
Seth was the murderer of his brother Osiris, and later contended with Osiris' son, Horus, for the throne of Egypt. Seth lost the fight and his rule was limited to the chaotic world of Egypt's deserts, foreign lands, and the threatening seas. His consort is his sister-wife Nepthys. At some points in Egyptian history, the god Seth was reviled as a hated enemy, while at others, his popularity was raised to the point of becoming the patron deity of the Ramesside period (1292-1075 B.C.). Seth also played the beneficial role of fighting the serpent of Apophis (the enemy of the sun god Re), who tries to attack the solar bear as it crosses the sky. Seth is usually shown as man with the head of an unknown animal with a long, curved snout, tall, squared off ears, and a pointy tail.
The goddess Nepthys was the sister of Isis and the sister-wife of the god Seth. She is often shown accompanying Isis beside the mummy of Osiris in the traditional mourning position. Nepthys helped Isis gather up the pieces of Osiris after he had been dismembered by Seth. She was the protectress of the canopic jars used in mummification, and often appeared on coffins together with Isis. She normally wears the hieroglyphic signs that spell her name on her head.
The goddess Hathor was often shown as a woman wearing a crown composed of a sun disk surrounded by a pair of cow horns. Sometimes she could be shown completely in cow form, or as a woman with cow ears. Hathor had her main cult center at the site of Dendereh. In the Ptolemaic period (305 B.C.-A.D. 30), an impressive temple to Hathor was built at the site. It is very well preserved and is fronted by six columns bearing the image of the goddess' head. Hathor, in the form of a cow, was revered as a mortuary goddess in the Theban area. One of her attributes is a musical instrument called a sistrum. She was also revered as the goddess of love, music, and joy.
The University of Pennsylvania Museum (UPM) participated in work at the site of Dendereh, an important cemetery site spanning the Old through Middle Kingdoms (2625-1630 B.C.). Clarence Fisher excavated the site from 1915-1918, continuing the work begun by Charles Rosher and Flinders Petrie at the end of the nineteenth century. In addition to furnishing significant information on the history, culture and funerary practices of this critical transitional period in Egyptian civilization, these excavations have provide the UPM with a wealth of important artifacts, including ceramics and other funerary offerings, inscribed stelae and a variety of architectural elements from the tombs.
Maat Into Rosicrucianism
Dr. Harvey Spencer Lewis (Master Alden, a.k.a. Frater Profundis XIII), reorganizer of the Akhenaten's Mysteries School (Illuminates of Kemet) with a name of The Ancient and Mystical Ordo Rosae Crucis (AMORC), actually called Antiquus Mysticusque Ordo Rosae Crucis, was the introducer of Maat into the modern Rosicrucianism. Using her logo symbol as a salutation for his Order: Cromaat. Rosicrucian's pamphlets from AMORC emphasizes that the complete nome of the organization (Ancient and Mystical Order Rosae Crucis) in reverse order configures the word CROMAAT. It is a mystical Rosicrucian salutation using the name of the goddess of Justice and Truth. Note: Maat, or Ma'at, or Maet, in reality is an abstraction of Divine Ethics projected to the Earth to rule human actions and diffused through all universes to symbolize the right path for all manifestations of animated forms, living creatures.
Spencer Lewis determined the addition of The 42 Laws of Maat as a special part of Monographs of AMORC., in order to crystallize Maat's Ethics in the mind of Rosicrucian students. Spencer Lewis knows that Maat is not a white woman.
As a member of Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO), Spencer Lewis studied the Book of Thoth, the husband of Maat. The observance of Maat Rules by Rosicrucian's was extended to various Orders and Fraternities, and some oh them considerate only the magick aspect of the Ancient Egyptian Rituals, including Maat and Ankh.
The Sign of the Ankh, the Sacred Key for the Eternal Life, was assumed by several aspects, through various kinds of minds, but the Soul is only one and we are one under this principle. Then, all Ankh images symbolizes the same idea: the immortality.
Spencer Lewis introduced Ankh's principles and teachings into the Rosicrucian studies, including initiatic rites for the Superior Degrees of his Order (Planes). Plane 4 uses Ankh for a secret ceremony but I will not write more about it here because this theme is secret, reserved for Members of the Inner Circle.
Not only Lewis but various others mystics introduced Maat into esoteric organizations. These organizations are congregation of Caucasian people, involved with Occidental principles and Jewish ideas about God, including magick conceptions developed in Europe, sucking Ancient Egyptian parameters of Metaphysics. Some people (white man and white woman) uses the name of Maat but forgot that Maat is not a white goddess. ..Recently I have noticed in a mailing list criticism to "black appearance of Akhenaten". Note that Akhenaten was not a Caucasian and Egyptian gods and goddess are not white archetypes. Note that the Ancient Egypt was a world ruled by black people.
I recommend to all Rosicrucians and sincere studious of Kemetic the complete lecture of "The Vanishing Evidence of Classical African Civilizations", by Professor Manu Ampim, available online on The Order of Maat Supreme Grand Lodge website, at maat-order.org/
May the fruit of our lives be bound and sealed to Thee,
O Mother, O Woman Eternal
who holdest the inmost life of each of Thy daughters
between the hands upon Her Heart
We swear by Peace and Love to stand,
Heart to Heart and Hand to Hand.
Mark, O Spirit, and hear us now,
confirming this, our Sacred Vow.
~Druidic Prayer of Unity~